What's In a Roof?
We are really into roofs here at Bill White Roofing and Specialty, and we enjoy sharing our knowledge and expertise with anyone who may be interested in learning more about the most important aspect of their building's structure. As a leading roofer in Birmingham, we feel that education and awareness are very important when it comes to prolonging the lifespan of your roof.
Here is a list of common terms and phrases that are used in the roofing industry with (hopefully) easy to understand explanations:
The decorative molding, usually metal or wood, found at the ends or edges of the roof. The fascia, frieze board, and rake are all types of cornices.
A relatively small peaked area of the roof constructed to divert water around projections such as chimneys, walls, and expansion joints.
The surface over which the roofing materials are applied. Roof decking is usually made of wood boards, plywood, or planks and is attached to the rafters. Also called sheathing.
A raised, framed section projecting through the sloping plane of the roof, usually with a window.
This metal strip is installed along the edges of the roof in order to help channel water away from the roof deck, eaves, and siding.
The lower edge of the roof, usually the area from the fascia to the building's outside wall.
A vertically positioned board or trim that is placed around the outer edge of the roof. It typically helps with waterproofing the interior of the building.
The material used to keep water from entering the roof system anywhere there is a projection or intersection. Examples of places roof flashing is installed are: chimneys, vent pipes, valleys, wall joints, perimeters, expansion joints, and any other place the roof covering is interrupted.
The triangular section of the building that is directly under the slope of the roof and above the eave.
The slatted devices that are installed in a gable or on the underside of the roof eaves to help ventilate the attic and regulate temperature and moisture.
The structural beams that extend from the ridge to eave in which the roof deck is attached.
Sloped edge of the roof that is adjacent to the outermost rafter
The horizontal line across the highest point of the roof where the two sloping sides intersect.
The enclosed area under the roof eave that extends past the building structure.
The material (usually felt) that is placed between the roof deck and shingles to serve as an extra layer of protection from moisture.
The area where two sloping roof sections intersect, creating a "V" shaped indention.
Our mission is to be the best roofing company Birmingham has to offer. Please give us a call at (205) 942-8374 or check out the rest of our website to learn more about how we can help you with anything roof-related!
Owning a home or business is a huge responsibility. Maintenance must be done throughout the year to ensure your investment is protected. As winter is quickly approaching (thank goodness for some cold weather finally!), there are several things you can do to winterize your roof. Performing preventative maintenance will save you from a roofing emergency. By checking and repairing these parts of your roof, you can cruise through the winter knowing that your roof is in good shape:
1. Remove or trim overhanging tree branches
Branches can cause a lot of problems for your roof, so they need to be trimmed or removed. Large overhanging branches will become very heavy with snowfall and will break and fall onto your roof. Low hanging branches will scrape your roof and damage your shingles.
2. Clean gutters and downspouts
We can't stress enough the importance of keeping your gutters and downspouts clear of debris. Rainwater and melting snow need to be able to drain properly in order to prevent water damage to your roof, siding, foundation and other parts of your home or business.
3. Inspect the roof and repair
Repair loose, damaged and missing shingles to prevent leaks. Check the roof flashing (the material placed around joints and openings in your roof) for signs of wear or damage. Cracked caulk should be removed and replaced. Have a qualified roofing contractor in Birmingham inspect and repair any issues that are found.
4. Insulate your attic
Your attic should be properly ventilated and insulated in order to prevent heat loss as well as the formation of icicles and ice dams. Be sure to consult with the experts at Bill White Roofing and Specialty on proper insulation levels and ventilation techniques.
5. Look for warped wood
Inspect the woodwork around your home or business especially around the roof and in the attic for warping and mold growth. These are signs of water damage, usually pointing to a larger problem like a leak.